Robot Tug to help nurses in hospitals
The field of robotics is making great leaps in healthcare today. Take for example, Tug, the robot nurse. The aim of this robot is to improve patient care in hospitals by doing the mundane tasks like hauling food, linens, specimens and medications around the facility. This enables the healthcare workers to focus on other relevant duties and patient care.
Appearance wise, Tug does not look like a typical humanoid robot. Instead, it looks like an oven that has wheels. Staff begin the day by uploading activities that they would like Tug to do and then it wheels itself around the hospital performing those duties. It is programmed in such a way that employees can change the order of the tasks based on urgency.
Tug navigates a facility using dozens of lasers therefore it is able to make quick decisions such as stopping when a person is in the way. It can carry up to 1,000 pounds on its back which can also be swapped with different models to meet other needs besides medical deliveries and food.
This is a great use case for the overburdened, understaffed hospitals in Africa – a robot to aid nurses and health workers with their daily activities. Will we being seeing Tug in African hospitals soon?
- 436 views
- May 17, 2018
- Nontobeko Shabangu
Blockchain for beginners is still needed
Blockchain is a hot topic everywhere, including in healthcare. I have been writing about it for eHNA, exploring use cases and applications. I've had lots of positive feedback, yet a question remains for many: how does blockchain technology actually work? Today's piece introduces some basic concepts.
Firstly, bitcoin and blockchain are not the same thing. Bitcoin is a digital currency or cryptocurrency that is administered on blockchain technology. It combines many existing concepts, including large databases, voluntary participation, peer-to-peer networks, distributed ledgers, and cryptography, to protect users' information against fraud.
There are three levels of how blockchain technology is currently being used:Storage of digital recordsExchange of digital assets in the form of tokens, and Execution of smart contracts.
Smart contracts set the ground rules for how transactions take place. They execute the contracts while monitoring compliance and automatically validate the results of each transaction.
To work, blockchain relies on consensus. This gives rise to the concept of mining. Each new block added to a given blockchain follows a consensus model which is approved by the network of connected nodes. The level of agreement in consensus models may vary across blockchain networks.
Encryption of information on a blockchain is achieved by hash functions. These map data of arbitrary size to data of a fixed size through a cryptographic method or algorithm. Hash function outputs are unique, asymmetric and random, ensuring security on the blockchain.
That's probably not enough information to get you started on mining your own blockchain, but hopefully sufficient to tweak your curiosity about this elegant technology. I'll post more over the next few weeks.
- 432 views
- May 15, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
How can online health information avoid negative results?
Type “health information” into your favourite search tool. Then, prepare to scroll through over 2.6 million results. The negative effect of these sources on users hasn’t been examined. A study led by Reem El Sherif at the Department of Family Medicine at McGill University in Montreal, and published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR), aims to deal with it.
Two goals are:Describe negative outcomes in primary careIdentify potential preventive strategies from users, health practitioners and health librarians.
It found three types of interdependent negative outcomes:Internal, such as increased worryingInterpersonal, such as a tension in patient-clinician relationshipsService-related, such as postponing clinical encounters.
The study links them as:
Three types of strategies were identified that aim to reduce these negative outcomes. They were:Providing users with reliable informationEducating users on how to assess websites that provide health informationHelping users to present and discuss their online information with health professionals, their social networks or librarians.
These are integrated too:
Librarians have a core role in minimising negative outcomes. Responsible for providing reliable health information and advocating the advantages of using health websites, they’re well positioned to implement the preventive strategies. Their work with users and health practitioners can integrate them with users’ health information–seeking and ensure the reliability of the information they find and use. Improving health literacy can lead to fewer internal tensions. Librarians can also develop discussions with health practitioners, leading to fewer interpersonal tensions. Their third contribution’s helping users to find relevant information so they can make better health and health care decisions, leading to fewer service-related tensions.
While this might seem a bit obvious, the researchers identified two barriers that needed overcoming. One’s a lack of awareness of available health librarian services. The other’s a lack of access to health librarians by the public. A possible solution is to train community librarians working in public facilities, such as libraries, on how to provide health information services.
Africa’s health systems should consider these additional costs of online health information. Without these resources, their investments in online health information may not realise the benefits requires of them, so an inadequate return.
- 592 views
- May 13, 2018
- Tom Jones
African Alliance of Digital Health Networks to rally support for African countries
“We want to go far” said Olasupo Oyedepo, Tuesday, announcing the launch of the African Alliance of Digital Health Networks on LinkedIn. Olasupo is Project Director at ICT4HEALTH Project and Director of the new Alliance. He is a bold man with a bold vision of renewal, to:Connect the eHealth and digital health networks emerging in AfricaExpand the platform of support for African countries and their eHealth initiatives.
The launch was at the Transform Africa Summit in Kigali, Rwanda on 8 May 2018. The Alliance was first conceptualised at the 2016 Global Digital Health Forum that took place in Maryland, USA. A key aim's to ensure that African countries have the support and resources needed to develop strong eHealth “helping to grow a cadre of digital health leaders and entrepreneurs in Africa”. Its programmes will focus on digital health leadership, entrepreneurship, mentorship and peer learning. The leadership and capacity development emphasis is well matched with Acfee's priorities.
Our African countries’ eHealth expertise and initiatives are growing fast, and beginning to contribute to health systems strengthening. Growth will continue and the additional resources and support that initiatives such as the Alliance may bring will accelerate these efforts. Acfee congratulates Olasupo and the new Alliance and looks forward to learning soon about its programmes and how collaboration plans to make a rapid and significant impact on Africa's eHealth, so the Alliance can go far and fast.
Photo from launch, left to right:Gaelle GisubizoDykki Settle – PATHCaren Althauser – PATHHuguette Diakabana – Deputy Director, African AllianceOlasupo Oyedepo – Director, African AllianceBen Aliwa – PATH
- 616 views
- May 10, 2018
- Sean Broomhead
HearX Group makes hearing screening more accessible
In 2015, eHNA reported on a South African start-up, HearX Group, founded by Prof De Wet Swanepoel and Dr Herman Myburgh. They developed a low-cost smartphone app that detects hearing loss and connects patients to health services.
The product uses a smartphone and headphones along with a custom-developed software application to detect hearing loss. This inexpensive alternative to conventional screening is 50-70% less expensive and can be administered by non-specialists and screeners with even basic literacy and low digital skills.
Today, the company boasts a suite of apps and mHealth devices geared towards improving hearing screening in underserved and remote communities, and especially among children. Other products included in their collection include hearZA, mHealthStudio, hearTest and hearDigits, as well as a partner product in vision called Peek Acuity.
Now, HearX group has taken their solution beyond Africa. A recent collaboration with the American Academy of Audiology saw the launch of America’s first-ever intensive hearing screening mobile app, hearScreen USA. This was launched at the Academy’s annual conference April 2018 and is freely available on smartphone devices.
In many nations, the general awareness of hearing impairment is low and shortage of resources has caused a lack of screening programmes. HearX Group could soon be turning this into a problem of the past with further collaborations in Africa, Europe and Asia.
- 441 views
- May 08, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
ATM pharmacy will help South Africa achieve its 90-90-90 goals
Over 7.1 million people in South Africa (SA) are living with HIV. This is the largest epidemic of HIV in the world. The country has the world’s largest ART programme, which helps towards achieving 90-90-90 targets.
Also helping to achieve targets is an innovative Pharmacy Dispensing Unit (PDU), developed by Right To Care in collaboration with Gauteng Department of Health. The PDU works like an ATM for medication; tele-pharmacists, cloud based electronic software and robotic technology combine to enable medication dispensing.
This pioneering solution allows patients to quickly and conveniently collect their repeat prescriptions at various community shopping centres where it is being piloted. It’s even online over weekends and public holidays so that patients can collect medications at their convenience. Patients are also offered service in all eleven languages and there is a support site to help understand the technology for first time users.
The PDU system which is run by qualified pharmacists and pharmacy assistants integrates with the clinical management of patients with chronic conditions at public facilities. It also supports adherence. Medication receipts indicate the date for the next collection and patients even receive collection reminders by SMS. If a patient collects their medication late, they are flagged for follow-up at the facility.
This ATM-like approach to dispensing medication demonstrates innovative thinking to overcome challenges in ensuring people stay on HIV treatment or treatment for other chronic illnesses.
- 399 views
- May 07, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
New Commonwealth Digital Health Centre emphasises eHealth’s coming of age
When we founded Acfee, late 2013, there were few centres focusing on eHealth or digital health. eHealth’s opportunities, and risks, were poorly recognised and a lot of our time was spent talking with health’s academics and government leaders about what it means. This led to Acfee setting its focus for the last five years on stimulating the industry; developing eHealth leadership and capacity and creating a more fertile environment to help the fledgling initiatives mushrooming across African countries to succeed.
Now that the industry is growing, regional centres are just as important, and the role or organisations like Acfee is switching from clarifying the opportunity to providing tools that the growing eHealth network will use to deliver health benefits for our people. There is lots of work to be done and more Centres are appearing to help make progress.
Acfee welcomes the Commonwealth Centre for Digital Health, launched in London on 20 April 2018 at a side event to the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2018. The theme of the event was ‘Global Health Security & the Digital Health Society 2030 - Innovation & Investment for One Planetary Health & Universal Health Coverage’. It’s a fitting focus for the new Centre's digital health efforts too.
Acfee commends the leadership provided by Prof Vajira Dissanayake, Commonwealth Medical Association President, and his colleagues. We look forward to collaborating with the Centre to jointly support realising digital health’s enormous potential to transform our health systems.
Watch this Video Message from WHO
WHO’s Director General, His Excellency Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, welcomed the establishment of the centre and “its focus on fostering innovative technologies for health that are appropriate for low income countries”. He reiterated WHO’s support for efforts to harness digital technologies for a healthier, safer and fairer world.
The picture was provided by the Commonwealth Medical Association. It shows from left to right:Denis Gilhooly, Executive Director, Global Health 2030 Innovation TaskforceProf Vajira Dissanayake, President, Commonwealth Medical AssociationDr Pascale A. Allotey, Director, International Institute for Global Health, United Nations University (UNU), MalaysiaHis Excellency Maithripala Sirisena, President of Sri LankaProfessor Dame Sally Davis, Chief Medical Officer (CMO) for England, Chief Medical Advisor to the UK Government, Co-Convener, United Nations Interagency Coordination Group on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)Right Honorauble Christopher Fearne, Deputy Prime Minister and Health Minister, Malta
- 440 views
- May 03, 2018
- Sean Broomhead
GIS software helps optimise health efforts
Graphic information systems (GIS) software could change the way countries tackle public healthcare issues. GIS helps capture, store, combine, analyse and display aggregated data from censuses and national health information systems and then overlays this data onto regional maps. This visual representation of data then allows departments of health and ministries to better manage resources and plan accordingly.
A great advantage of using GIS technology in healthcare application is the spatial dependency of health related factors. Several countries and organisations have already started to invest in GIS programmes. In the United States, the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) launched its 500 Cities Project, which aims to provide geographic data on the distribution of chronic disease risk factors. In South Africa, the South African National Aids Council (SANAC) launched the Focus for Impact Project, which aims to identify populations most at risk in areas most severely affected by HIV and TB.
The hope is that by better visualising and understanding the geographic distribution of health variables, health departments and planners will be able to plan public health interventions more effectively. GIS software helps with this by answering 2 key questions;Where are the high burden areas? – by overlaying routine health data on geographical regionsWhy is it a high burden area? – by profiling epidemiology and associated risks using secondary data and community dialogue
This in turn allows health departments and health planners to identify;Who is at risk in this high burden area?What interventions can help reduce this burden?
To improve the overall health of our communities, access to these kinds of services is vital. Further investment into GIS programmes could reveal other beneficial use cases for the healthcare industry, improve overall efficiency and better manage the cost burden of the healthcare system.
- 645 views
- April 30, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
Malawi uses eCCM app to combat child mortality
In Malawi, Health Surveillance Assistant’s (HSA’s) serve as a link between the the local community and the national healthcare system. They make use of the WHO and UNICEF community case management (CCM) clinical decision tool to identify those requiring urgent referral to hospitals and those who can be treated at the local points-of-care before going back home. The Supporting LIFE project has created an mhealth app that replicates this CCM tool to ease decision-making and workload for HSA’s.
The app supports a similar workflow to the paper-based CCM tool, allowing the HSA to enter patient information on an easy to use touch-screen interface. It’s developed for the Android platform and is functional in an offline environment, making it ideal for countries like Malawi, where internet connectivity is a problem. Power was also an issue during the Malawi pilot, so HSA’s were also provided with mini solar powered chargers for their devices.
During the pilot 3 indicators were measured to assess the potential impact of the app;Improvement in the number of children correctly referred to a health facility as a result of using the app.Increased attendance rates, as a result of correct referrals made by HAS’s using the app; andDecreased re-consultation rates through correct diagnosis and referral from the app
The results of the pilot were presented at an mHealth strategy workshop and provided the health ministry and key policy makers with valuable data to improve the health systems in Malawi. HSA’s using the app reported mostly positive responses.
While such projects offer great community benefits and health system improvements, further assessment is needed around the feasibility of scaling nationally, as well as integration with core systems like the DHIS2.
- 417 views
- April 24, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
Low-cost video laryngoscope developed in South Africa
“Innovation is change that unlocks new value” - Jamie Notter. This is what Cape Town Anaesthesiologist, Dr Caroline Corbett, is doing with her video laryngoscope invention. SmartBlade, is a cost effective, novel and real-world solution to the management of a difficult airway.
It uses forward-thinking smartphone technology to link with video laryngoscopy, thus allowing clinicians to easily intubate difficult airways. The clinician can suction a soiled airway or perform apnoeic oxygenation, both without interrupting attempts to intubate.
The customised mobile application also facilitates video conferencing, image capture, recording and secure data storage. SmartBlade aims to become a standard of care in advanced airway management.
This novel device won the WFSA-Fresenius Kabi Anaesthesia Innovation Award in 2017. The South African Society of Anaesthesiologists (SASA) is proud of this accolade and looks forward to seeing it being used in South African hospitals in the future.
- 491 views
- April 23, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
Zambia hosts ICT4D 10th annual conference
Innovate. Connect. Transform. This is what executives, senior managers, program leaders, field officers, IT/data managers, and senior technical advisors will be doing in Lusaka, Zambia from the 8th-10th of May.
This year’s ICT4D’s conference will gather these cadres to discuss and debate solutions and answers to questions such as how and where ICT innovation helps sectors in aid and development achieve goals and accelerate their objectives.
Their exciting programme, with 6 parallel tracks including Agriculture, Health, Livelihoods & Education, Humanitarian Response, Digital Financial Inclusion, and Collaboration & Openness in ICT4D, is now available on the site. Post conference activities offer participants interactive sessions to understand how to get more out of ICT4D tools such as CommCare or DHIS 2.
This is a great opportunity for Africa’s health care innovators to share their innovations, but more importantly learn from other industries to approach health care challenges more innovatively. To secure your place, register via the conference website.
- 419 views
- April 18, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
Bio-artificial kidney to become an alternate solution for renal dialysis
Being on dialysis may give a patient with renal failure a chance to live a longer life. However, there are frequent inherent risks associated with it. The kidney project seeks to address this in an innovative way.
According to the national kidney foundation, over 100 000 patients are currently waiting for a donor kidney and over 3000 are added to the list yearly. An average patient may spend 3-4 years waiting for a transplant and may be on dialysis whilst they wait. However, studies have found that only one in three patients may survive the 3-4 years without receiving the transplant.
The kidney project’s goal is to implant a bio-artificial kidney to give hope beyond the short term solution of dialysis. It can do this by simulating the removal of waste products, salt and water as a normal kidney would. Nanotechnology microchips are the key behind the the artificial kidney.
While transplanted organs need to be thoroughly screened to prevent tissue rejection, the artificial solution bypasses such complications. The foundation hopes to begin human trials with the implanted kidney in 2018.
- 393 views
- April 17, 2018
- Nontobeko Shabangu
GE sells its healthcare Value-Based Care Division to Veritas for >$1b
In a shake-up to the health ICT supply side, an announcement by GE says it’s selling its:Enterprise Financial Management, Revenue-Cycle, Centricity BusinessAmbulatory Care Management, Centricity Practice SolutionWorkforce Management, formerly API Healthcare.
The buyer, Veritas Capital takes it on for $1.05b in a cash-will-do-nicely deal. It’s Veritas Capital is a leading, global private equity firm that invests in companies that provide essential products and services. Technology and technology-enabled solutions are its main service range. Governments and commercial organisations are its main customers.
They extend across aerospace, defence, healthcare, national security, communications, energy, education and government services. It’s Veritas business model seeks to create value by strategically transforming companies that it invests in.
GE says Veritas is ideal to provide the focus and investment needed to take GE’s former services to the next level of scale and performance. The former GE team sees the switch as an opportunity to revitalise its product portfolio and pursue complementary acquisitions. The intended result’s better for patients, providers and payers services
These big outfits seldom see Africa’s health systems as fruitful markets. Affordability’s a constraint. Will Veritas take a different view?
- 348 views
- April 12, 2018
- Tom Jones
AI is also attractive for cyber-criminals
As healthcare increases investment on eHealth projects and services, there should be synchronous investment in security measures. In 2017, 25% of all data breaches were related to the healthcare industry. This is because cyber-criminals have been working to make their attacks more advanced to easily target connected devices, cloud, and multi-cloud environments. These advanced cyber-attacks are even able to evade detection by most legacy security solutions in place.
Advancements are aided by adopting AI and machine learning to carry out complex attacks at a rapid pace. Botnets such as Reaper have been made more sophisticated, enabling them to target multiple vulnerabilities at once. Others, such as polymorphic malware allows for hundreds of variations of a threat to be created for different purposes in a matter of hours.
To address these challenges, Fortinet has recently released a few product enhancements that will tip the scales back in the favour of the healthcare industry;Fort iOS 6.0 – provides an integrated security architecture that spans the distributed networkFortiGuard AI – is an AI solution that is able to address automated attacksThreat Intelligence Services (TIS) - provides visibility into network activity and metrics to give healthcare security teams an understanding of their threat landscape
It has become inexpensive for criminals to mount attacks on healthcare data, but increasingly expensive for their targets. One key to the healthcare security transformation is flipping this paradigm.
- 340 views
- April 11, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
Computer aided detection for TB (CAD4TB) installed across Ghana
A target of sustainable development goals (SDGs) is to end tuberculosis (TB) globally by 2030. Effective prevention, detection and treatment is necessary to achieve this goal. Ghana is in the global high burden list for TB, but is tackling this burden using eHealth innovations.
In collaboration with Delft Imaging Systems, they have successfully installed 51 X-ray systems in facilities, containers and TB screening mobile clinics across the country. These mobile X-ray systems are self sustainable, employing solar technology to power them, even in the remotest of locations. All X-ray systems have been equipped with computer aided detection (CAD4TB) software that makes use of machine learning to detect TB in X-rays. Additionally, tele-radiology technology is used to interlink all images to a central platform that allows healthcare providers across connected facilities and units to access images.
The innovation allows healthcare providers to screen up to 200 images per day. When the images reveal a high CAD4TB score, patients are referred for the standard and more expensive GeneExpert tests. This makes detecting TB in poorer communities very effective.
It is eHealth innovations like this that will strengthen health systems in Ghana and other African countries, while still being conservative of the constrained health budgets in Africa.
- 360 views
- April 06, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
Future health data systems need more of these
On March 14th I spoke at the ANOVA data summit in Johannesburg. I was asked to talk about the future of health data and its systems. Earlier that morning Stephen Hawking had passed away leaving the scientific community weighing the enormity of one man’s extraordinary contribution. Some of his famous words repeated in my mind, including his terse challenge, “The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge”, an apt warning for those of us in the information space.
As health systems decisions become more data driven, demands for enough, quality data, and ways to make sense of it, increase too. Expectations are high.
“It has become increasingly clear that Universal Health Coverage cannot be achieved without the support of eHealth” WHO suggested in the third global survey on eHealth and AMIA proposes that “access to broadband is, or soon will become, a social determinant of health”.
In African countries, competition for resources is fuelled by smaller budgets trying to address substantial service gaps. Decisions to invest in eHealth and data need to be taken with considerable care, and must be economically sound, affordable, and evidence-based.
Data systems should be built in steps that are sustainable and yield information that can be trusted. Emphasis should be on integration and consolidation and embracing emerging opportunities. It needs sound strategic planning too, with emphasis on:More substantive partnering among stakeholders Better agreement on architectural frameworks and evolving standardsMore opportunities for data collection from individuals, through mobile phones and other devices that become ubiquitousExploring new approaches to unique identifiers, including understanding the potential role of a medical blockchainIncorporating AI and machine learning to augment progress.
Alongside these, cyber-security requires constant vigilance.
Acfee is building a toolkit of good practice for help knowledge workers navigate these issues and make good choices.
Talking about the future is fun but too often gratuitous. Hawking pointed out that “Intelligence is the ability to adapt to change”. The ability of our health data to provide value is also about our ability to adapt to health’s changing needs, to ensure that our efforts remain relevant and support impact.
Sean is CTO at HISP-SA and Chairperson of Acfee. HISP-SA supports the South African Department of Health in its efforts to build information systems that support health transformation.
Acfee advances eHealth’s health strengthening and transformation role for Africa through the eHealth Network for Africa blog and eHealthAFRO stakeholder platforms, engagement with African Ministries of Health and other regional eHealth leadership groups, and the collection and sharing of knowledge and tools.
- 323 views
- April 05, 2018
- Sean Broomhead
Data accuracy: another use case for blockchain
As blockchain technology continues to excite the healthcare industry with opportunities for better access to healthcare data, data security and efficiency, 5 companies have banded together to explore another use case for it.
Many managed care organisations, health systems, physicians, and other healthcare stakeholders currently maintain separate copies of healthcare provider data. Reconciling differences in this data can be a time-consuming and expensive processes. Blockchain could help bring down administrative costs by ensuring data is complete and accurate across all parties.
Humana, MultiPlan, Optum, Quest Diagnostics and UnitedHealthcare recently announced a cooperative pilot program to use blockchain technology to share healthcare provider data across organisations. This aims to improve accuracy, streamline administrative activities and improve access to care. It will also examine whether sharing healthcare provider data inputs and changes made by parties across a blockchain can reduce operational costs and improve data quality.
With technology's rapid advances, it's critical that African countries make room for these types of emerging opportunities in their eHealth strategies. Along with rigorous prospective assessments to ensure viability and sustainability.
- 446 views
- April 04, 2018
- Ameera Hamid
AlienVault insider’s guide to cyber-security incident response can help
Preventing cyber-security breaches is a top priority. On its own, it’s not enough. Cyber-criminals are at least one step ahead, so sound preparation for an incident response’s vital. A book from Alien Vault can help. It's an Insider’s Guide to Incident Response in one eBook!
It provides a detailed insight into the fundamental strategies of efficient and effective incident response that security teams need. The goal should be to do more with less to deal with the rapidly changing cyber-threats. The guide deals with:Arming and aiming an incident response teamIncident response processes and proceduresTypes of cyber-security incidentsIncident response toolsIncident response training
Combating cyber-threats needs teams with a strong mental constitution. Techniques are needed too. The guide sets out how to build an incident response plan and develop a team that has the right tools and training.
Observe, Orient, Decide and Act (OODA) loop’s the core methodology. It’s a cycle developed by military strategist and United States Air Force Colonel John Boyd. He used it to help to prepare for combat operations processes. It’s now applied to understand commercial activities.
Benjamin Franklin, the 18th century polymath promoted the original concept. “By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.” It applies to eHealth too.
- 295 views
- April 03, 2018
- Tom Jones
e-Hospital portals can improve hospitals
The world we live in has seen a revolution of digitisation in mobile phones, banks and the internet are examples. People want to avoid or reduce the time they spend doing things manually, and would rather opt for using the latest technology.
An e-Hospital portal is an example. It’s a project introduced by the government of India. An aim's to use technology to empower people and help them connect to areas of health.
e-Hospital enables the public to book outpatient appointments, view diagnostic reports, check the availability of blood, lab reports and pay their fees. Using this type of eHealth offers quicker access, remote diagnosis and faster medical prescriptions. Time taken to receive treatment or see a medical expert is expected to be reduced considerably.
Services provided by an e-Hospital portal maximises the contribution of existing healthcare professionals. It enables networks of nurses and doctors to achieve more efficient treatment and monitoring.
The large scale of the project offers an insight for Africa’s eHealth strategies. Planning directly for national coverage can offer bigger scale benefits, even where, as in India, roll out's phased.
- 535 views
- March 29, 2018
- Nontobeko Shabangu
mPowering frontline health workers’ launches WASH health domain on ORB
Exhortations to people to wash their hands frequently have a long history. Continuous, accessible reminders are still essential. Handwashing’s the single most cost-effective intervention to prevent pneumonia and diarrhoea in children. It reduces infections during pregnancy and childbirth too.
In the eHealth age, there are more sophisticated ways of disseminating the advice than numerous signs with lots of slogans. mPowering Frontline Health Workers is launching a new domain using on Object Request Broker (ORB) for Water, Sanitations and Hygiene (WASH). It contains training materials for health workers. ORB’s middleware that allows program calls from one computer to another. It relies on a computer networks.
The need’s clear. In 2013, WHO and The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH) identified the challenge of diarrhoea. Diarrhoeal disease is the second leading cause of death and a leading cause of malnutrition in children under five. It’s in children under five years old
years old. It is both preventable and treatable. There’s an estimated 1.7 billion cases of diarrhoeal disease every year, leading to about 760,000 children under five dying. A significant proportion of diarrhoeal disease can be prevented through safe drinking-water and adequate sanitation and hygiene.
Another report says an estimated 10-15% of maternal deaths are due to two causes. One’s infections linked to unhygienic conditions during labour. The other’s poor hygiene practices during six weeks after birth.
ORB’s WASH materials provide training and information on waste management, urban water supplies, sanitation planning, environmental health. All content’s quality assured to ensure accuracy and relevance for health workers. It’s accessible from mobile devices.
mPowering Frontline Health Workers is an initiative of USAID and the mHealth Alliance. It has six goals:Crowdsource innovative multi?media health contentCreate an online library of downloadable digital health content for organisations in developing countriesProduce a digital dictionary to enable integration and standardised reporting across several mHealth applicationsAccelerate the sustainable expansion of mHealth for frontline health workers in more than three developing countriesRigorously evaluate partnership impactShare experiences through a virtual global learning platform.
An estimate of 42% of global deaths from diarrhoea of children under five are in Africa. That’s about 320,000 children. mPowering Frontline Health Workers has an essential role.
- 413 views
- March 28, 2018
- Peter Nyasulu
Rome Business School eHealth Masters
Better managers for a better world
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