• Resources (38)
  • Retrospective return on investment analysis of an electronic treatment adherence device piloted in the Northern Cape Province

    The Return on Investment (ROI) for utilising the SIMpill electronic treatment adherence solution as an adjunct to Directly Observed Treatment (DOTS)  short-course is assessed using data from a 2005 pilot of the SIMpill solution among new smear-positive Tuberculosis (TB) patients in the Northern Cape Province. The value of this Cost Minimisation Analysis (CMA), for use by public health planners in low-resource settings as a precursor to more rigorous assessment, is discussed.

    • 2012
    • Telemedicine and eHealth
  • Defining a staged-based process for economic and financial evaluations of mHealth programs

    Mobile and wireless technology for health (mHealth) has the potential to improve health outcomes by addressing critical health systems constraints that impede coverage, utilization, and effectiveness of health services. To date, few mHealth programs have been implemented at scale and there remains a paucity of evidence on their effectiveness and value for money. This paper aims to improve understanding among mHealth program managers and key stakeholders of how to select methods for economic evaluation (comparative analysis for determining value for money) and financial evaluation (determination of the cost of implementing an intervention, estimation of costs for sustaining or expanding an intervention, and assessment of its affordability). We outline a 6 stage-based process for selecting and integrating economic and financial evaluation methods into the monitoring and evaluation of mHealth solutions including (1) defining the program strategy and linkages with key outcomes, (2) assessment of effectiveness, (3) full economic evaluation or partial evaluation, (4) sub-group analyses, (5) estimating resource requirements for expansion, (6) affordability assessment and identification of models for financial sustainability. 

    • 2017
    • BioMed Central
  • Global Health Security Agenda, Standardized Milestone Library

    The U.S. interagency developed this GHSA Standardized Milestone Library to provide technical guidance on how to move to a higher capacity level in the indicators from the JEE Tool.

    These Standardized Milestones, which will assist with the development of GHSA roadmaps aimed at moving to higher capacity levels are organized according to the 11 GHSA Action Packages (Standardized Milestones for the technical areas outside the 11 GHSA Action Package targets have not yet been developed).  

    • 2016
    • U.S. Interagency
  • Proposed Interoperability Standards Measurement Framework

    The purpose of the Proposed Interoperability Standards Measurement Framework (the Framework) is to determine the nation’s progress in implementing interoperability standards in health information technology (health IT) and the use of the standards as a way to measure progress towards nationwide interoperability. Additionally, the Framework will help identify specific barriers to standards implementation and use that need to be addressed. Given that standards play a critical role in interoperability, it is essential that ONC measures the implementation and use of standards when exchanging health information.

    This document outlines ONC’s proposed approach to measuring standards supporting interoperability. Key measurement areas that ONC has identified include: tracking whether interoperability standards are contained in health IT products and services; and the subsequent use of standards by end users (e.g., providers), including whether end users are customizing their use of the standards.

    • 2017
    • The ONC for Health Information Technology
  • Global Health Security Agenda Pilot Assessment of Uganda

    The GHSA Steering Group and Action Package Leaders have developed draft targets and indicators for the GHSA Action Packages, and these targets and indicators serve as the basis for the pilot assessments for these five nations, including Uganda. 

    • 2015
    • GHSA pilot assessment team – Uganda
  • Advancing the Global Health Security Agenda: Progress and Early Impact from U.S. Investment

    The United States’ support has resulted in progress, working with GHSA partner countries, to establish or strengthen multi-sectoral systems able to prevent, rapidly detect, and electively respond to infectious disease threats, whether naturally occurring or caused by accidental or intentional release. 

    • 2016
    • Multi agency, Global Health Security Agenda
  • Cyber-security: themes for Africa’s eHealth

    Identified as a high eHealth priority by Acfee’s Advisory Board, this document sets out a summary of some of the cyber-security findings that Acfee’s eHealth News Africa (eHNA) team has garnered. It provides Acfee members and all of Africa’s health ministries with a cyber-security overview, and some ways to begin to move cyber-security strategies and plans ahead.

    New cyber-threats and techniques emerge regularly. They are on seemingly unending trajectories. Cyber-security measures and knowledge are improving in attempts to keep up, and it is important that Africa’s health systems take appropriate action. Acfee will update and supplement this document regularly to report on these so members can keep up to date with cyber-threats and cyber-security measures and decide how to respond.

    • 2017
    • African Centre for eHealth Excellence
  • Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity

    The US Framework for all types of organisations focuses on using business drivers to guide cyber-security activities and considering cyber-security risks as part of organisations' risk management processes. It has three parts: Framework Core, Framework Profile and  Framework Implementation Tiers

    • 2017
    • National Institute of Standards and Technology
  • IBM X-Force Threat Intelligence Index 2017

    IBM® X-Force® annual cyber-security review of its monitored client environments tracks changes in number, types and sophistication of cyber-threats.

    • 2017
    • IBM
  • Internet Infrastructure Security Guidelines for Africa

    A joint initiative of the Internet Society and the Commission of the African, the guidelines emphasise the importance of a multi-stakeholder model and collaborative approach to cyber-security in protecting Internet infrastructure. It has four essential principles: awareness, responsibility, co-operation and adherence to fundamental rights and Internet properties. It creates an over-arching setting for Africa's eHealth cyber-security.

    • 2017
    • Internet Society
  • RANSOMWARE Hostage Rescue Manual

    The manual sets out actions needed in to help prevent ransomware attacks, nad needed if a cyber-attack breaches defences..

    • 2016
    • KnowBe4
  • Senegal’s Journey Toward an eHealth Strategy: Highlights from the Development Process

    The report describes Senegal's process to develop its  eHealth Strategy. It extends from forming of a committee to submitting a draft strategy to for validation and adoption. It shares successes and challenges encountered, and compares Senegal’s approach to the eHealth strategy guidelines from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). These combine into lessons for people and teams pursuing national eHealth strategies.

    • 2017
    • Knowledge for Health
  • Global diffusion of eHealth Report of the third global survey on eHealth

    The global survey and report were prepared by the WHO Global Observatory for eHealth. It explores eHealth developments since the 2010 survey and the role it plays in achieving universal health coverage.

    • 2016
    • World Health Organization
  • Monitoring and Evaluating Digital Health Interventions A practical guide to conducting research and assessment

    Effective M&E can be elusive. The guide focuses on pragmatic highlights and tips from experience for implementers to consider. It includes  links and resources for further study and leads through the development of value claims, evaluation designs and indicators associated with digital health interventions, especially mHealth. There's an assessment of the quality and availability of data from interventions and guidelines for the reporting findings.

    • 2016
    • World Health Organization
  • The MAPS Toolkit, mHealth Assessment and Planning for Scale

    A toolkit to help advance discussions on how to scale up mobile health (mHealth) innovations and maximize their impact on outcomes for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health. 

    • 2015
    • World Health Organization
  • Early detection, assessment and response to acute public health events: Implementation of Early Warning and Response with a focus on Event-Based Surveillance

    The goal of this document is to provide national health authorities, and stakeholders supporting them, with guidance for implementing or enhancing the all-hazards, early warning and response (EWAR) within national surveillance systems. It aims to provide direction regarding the implementation of surveillance capacities, especially event based surveillance (EBS), in order to detect and to respond rapidly to all acute health events and risks from any origin.

    As recognized by the WHO mandate in IHR Article 9 related to the use of other sources of information, the national EWAR should integrate collection and analysis of information from any sources beyond that generated by the health system. This type of surveillance is called “Event-Based Surveillance” (EBS). By collecting information before human cases occur or before an event is detected and/or reported through conventional recording and reporting systems, EBS significantly increases the sensitivity of the surveillance system. An effective early warning function ensures a rapid response to acute public health events of all origins, resulting in mitigation of the public health impact. This requires reinforced coordination and close collaboration with all stakeholders within and outside of the health sector.

    Reference: WHO/HSE/GCR/LYO/2014.4

    • 1 Jan 2014
    • WHO
  • International Health Regulations

    The purpose and scope of the International Health Regulations (2005) are “to prevent, protect against, control and provide a public health response to the international spread of disease in ways that are commensurate with and restricted to public health risks, and which avoid unnecessary interference with international traffic and trade”. Because the IHR (2005) are not limited to specific diseases but apply to new and ever- changing public health risks, they are intended to have long-lasting relevance in the international response to the emergence and spread of disease. The IHR (2005) also provide the legal basis for important health documents applicable to international travel and transport and sanitary protections for the users of international airports, ports, and ground crossings.

    This third edition contains the text of the IHR (2005), the text of World Health Assembly resolution WHA58.3, the amended version of Annex 7 (concerning period of protection of vaccination against yellow fever, and validity of related certificates) that entered into force on 11 July 2016, the Health Part of the Aircraft General Declaration that entered into force on 15 July 2007, and appendices containing an updated list of States Parties and State Party reservations and other communications in connection with the IHR (2005).

    • 2005
    • WHO
  • Kenya Standards and Guidelines for mHealth Systems

    The standards and guidelines provide a regulatory framework to enable co-ordination and implementation of mHealth projects and programmes. They apply to communication protocols, device interfaces, applications and operating systems to support seamless and secure information exchange and help to move mHealth on from silo-based pilots to scalable and fully interoperable solutions. They apply to both public and private health sectors and are aimed at guiding the utilisation of wireless and mobile applications and devices to improve outcomes in health, in line with Vision 2030.

    • Apr 2017
    • Republic of Kenya Ministry of Health
  • Kenya National eHealth Policy 2016-2030

    The Kenya eHealth Policy's a commitment towards using ICT to improve Kenyans' health and wellness. It sets out a comprehensive and innovative approach to a broad spectrum of eHealth practices, research and development that represent a radical departure from traditional healthcare and access models.

    As a foundation for well-managed eHealth programmes, it provides a balanced implementation framework that delimits stakeholders' roles within the devolved healthcare management system.

    • 2015
    • Republic of Kenya Ministry of Health
  • Electronic Health Record Design Patterns for Patient Safety

    The guide focuses specifically on the intersection between two features of usability and patient safety. Not all usability opportunities involve patient safety and not all patient safety risks arise from usability concerns. Establishing and cataloguing design patterns help to increase consistency in the most safety-critical EHR areas. 

    It has five sections, medications, alert fatigue, lab results, numeric display and displaying text. Drawn from collective experiences, each section presents recommendations for the most effective display design techniques and elements. 

    • 22 Jun 2016
    • HIMMS Electronic Health Record Association
  • Agenda: Surveillance and Health Information Systems Technical Workshop - West and Central Africa

    The agenda as a pdf document

    • 26 Jul 2017
    • Surveillance and Health Information Systems Technical Workshop for West and Central Africa Dakar, Senegal
  • South African National eHealth Strategy

    The eHealth Strategy for the public health sector provides a roadmap for achieving a well func oning na onal health informa on system with the pa ent located at the centre.

    • 9 Jul 2012
    • National Department of Health
  • South African Health Normative Standards Framework for Interoperability in eHealth

    This report was commissioned by the National Department of Health (NDoH). The purpose of the report is to develop a first version of a National Health Normative Standards Framework for eHealth in South Africa (HNSF). The primary objective of the HNSF is to set the foundational basis for interoperability as articulated in the eHealth Strategy South Africa 2012-2016 [National Department of Health, 2012b]. The HNSF was developed by the Meraka Institute of the Council for Scientific Research (CSIR) in collaboration with the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU). 

    • Mar 2014
    • National Department of Health
  • South African National mHealth Strategy

    The mHealth strategy recognizes the dynamics of building on public private partnerships and coordinating the efforts across mHealth partners and stakeholders.

    The mHealth strategy provides SA with ana roadmap from the current status to an environment where mobile solution providers conform to a set of normative standards that will ensure data collection is unified that benefits monitoring public health programme implementation and operational functioning of the health services. The strategy adopts a set of principles which include getting the basics right, taking an incremental approach, building on what already exists and looking for early wins. 

    • 2015
    • National Department of Health
  • South African National Health Insurance White Paper

    National Health Insurance (NHI) is a health financing system that is designed to pool funds to provide access to quality, affordable personal health services for all South Africans based on their health needs, irrespective of their socioeconomic status. NHI is intended to ensure that the use of health services does not result in financial hardships for individuals and their families. 

    • 10 Dec 2015
    • National Department of Health
  • South African Protection of Personal Information (POPPI) Act

    Purpose of the Act: To promote the protection of personal information processed by public and private bodies; to introduce certain conditions so as to establish minimum requirements for the processing of personal information; to provide for the establishment of an Information Regulator to exercise certain powers and to perform certain duties and functions in terms of this Act and the Promotion of Access to Information Act, 2000; to provide for the issuing of codes of conduct; to provide for the rights of persons regarding unsolicited electronic communications and automated decision making; to regulate the flow of personal information across the borders of the Republic; and to provide for matters connected therewith. 

    • 26 Nov 2013
    • South African Government Gazette
  • National eHealth Strategy Toolkit

    This is a shared work that reflects a shared goal – responding to the needs of countries, at every level of development, who seek to adapt and employ the latest information communication technologies (ICT) in health for the measurable benefit of their citizens. The National eHealth Strategy Toolkit is a milestone in our understanding of what eHealth is, what it can do, and why and how it should be applied to health care today.

    The Toolkit is a comprehensive, practical guide that all governments, their ministries, departments and agencies can adapt to suit their own circumstances and their own vision and goals. Its publication is very timely. This is a period when all health systems face stringent economic challenges, greater demands for efficiencies and higher expectations from citizens. There is, everywhere, an urgent challenge to provide more care and better care to more people, especially those most in need.

    This Toolkit expertly demonstrates how all nations can rise to that challenge, each in its own way. While it brings the sectors of health and ICT much closer together, the Toolkit also encourages the active participation of a wider range of stakeholders, including the general public, reflecting important issues of social justice and equity. By bringing all of these interested parties together, the Toolkit offers them a chance to share in a unique national project whose ambition is nothing less than to achieve lasting progress in public and individual health. 

    • 2012
    • WHO and ITU
  • South Africa - establishment of the Ministerial Advisory Committee on eHealth

    Legal notice of the establishment of a Ministerial Advisory Committee (MAC) on eHealth.

    • 10 Jul 2015
    • South African Government Gazette
  • South African National Health Insurance Policy: Towards Universal Health Coverage

    The National Health Insurance (NHI) is a health financing system that is designed to pool funds to provide access to quality affordable personal health services for all South Africans based on their health needs, irrespective of their socio-economic status.

    The White Paper on National Health Insurance was published for comment on 11 December 2015.

    On 30 June 2017 the National Health Insurance policy document was gazetted after approval by Cabinet.

    • 30 Jun 2017
    • National Department of Health
  • ORWP_0274: Protecting Data in the Healthcare Industry

    Healthcare’s data’s attractive to cyber-criminals. Protecting it from criminals and general misuse’s essential because it’s highly sensitive, identifiable information. These are two core themes from a white paper from Osterman Research. It helps Africa’s health systems to move their cyber-security initiatives on, 

    Sponsored by Quest, an ICT firm, Protecting Data in the healthcare Industry goes on to identify the types of threats and their subsequent impacts. It succinctly summarises regulatory requirement from the US, UK, the EU and Australia. These provide helpful insights for Africa’s health systems in developing their eHealth regulations. These need supplementing with actions that deal with the numerous increasing trends.

    • 2017
    • Osterman Reserach Inc
  • Australian National Digital Health Strategy

    The Australian Digital Health Agency was established in 2016. It leads the development of the National Digital Health Strategy and its implementation. The 2017 Strategy is derives from consultation and co-production with patients, consumers and carers, healthcare professionals, industry, organisations and innovators. It draws on evidence of clinical and economic benefit from sources in Australia and overseas, and builds on Australia’s leadership in digital healthcare.

    Every Australian will have a My Health Record which they control, unless they choose not to have one. Evidence shows that the service can improve clinical outcomes. The Australian Medical Association has described it as the future of medicine.

    The Strategy leverages existing assets and capabilities to fast-track the realisation of benefits for patients and the community.

    • 2 Aug 2017
    • Australian Digtial Health Agency
  • HISP Partnership Organisation Capability Statement

    HISP Partnership Organisation Capability Statement

    • 2017
    • HISP Partnership Organisation
  • Zimbabwe's E-Health Strategy

    National eHealth Strategy

    • 2012
    • Ministry of Health and Child Welfare
  • Tanzania National eHealth Strategy

    Tanzania National eHealth Strategy

    • Jun 2013
    • Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
  • Egypt National ICT Strategy

    Egypt National ICT Strategy

    • 2012
    • Arab Republic of Egypt Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
  • Mauritius He@lth 2015

    Mauritius National eHealth Strategy

    • 2015
    • Republic of Mauritius Ministry of Health and Quality of Life
  • Ghana eHealth Strategy

    National eHealth Strategy

    • 2010
    • Ghana Ministry of Health
  • Kenya National e-Health Strategy 2011-2017

    Kenya National e-Health Strategy

    • 2011
    • Kenya Ministry of Medical Services & Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation