In 2016, supercomputer IBM Watson diagnosed a rare form of leukaemia in a patient at a hospital linked to Tokyo University. Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and operating on the cloud, IBM Watson can cross reference and analyse data from millions of international oncology papers. From this data, it can extract information much faster than humans ever can. Evidence of its capabilities were reported by the University when IBM Watosn correctly diagnosed a Japanese woman in ten minutes.
Health advances initially seen as futuristic, like virtual avatars and chatbots, are quickly becoming a reality. An article in The Irish Times, says these technologies apply AI to match discussions with people, connect to the Internet and perform tasks that normally require human intelligence.
Sensley’s an example. It’s a mobile triage mHealth app currently being tested by the UK’s NHS. Sensley has an AI nurse that guides patients through their personal healthcare needs. It’s available all day, every day. Dressed in blue NHS scrubs, Seneley collects information by listening and asking questions similar to interactions between a clinicians and patients. Richard Corbridge, the developer and chief executive of eHealth Ireland says “Things are moving so fast that technologies we would have regarded as sci-fi last year, will become a reality this year. Over the last couple of years, Ireland has made some really big strides in digital healthcare.”
Corbridge believes that by 2019, all Irish maternity hospitals will be using advanced monitoring technology for newborns. Every newborn will have three devices in their cot, monitoring respiration, temperature and heart rate. Information will transfer automatically to their EHRs. In Healthcare Dive Corbridge says instead of constantly checking these levels individually, nurses will have a tablet to monitor the vital information and requests for tests, scans and results.“It’s an amazing leap for Ireland in a short space of time,” says Corbridge.
Will Africa’s health systems use AI soon too? Their eHealth strategies should now include a section on medium term plans for adopting AI.